Panorama des cutlural studies - Université Bordeaux Montaigne

Panorama des cutlural studies

Crédits ECTS : 6

Volume horaire CM : 12

Volume horaire TD : 12

Code ELP : MIA1Y13

Composante : UFR Langues et Civilisations

Période de l'année : Semestre 1

Formes d'enseignement : Non accessible à distance

Description

General Presentation
This unit, which is also part of the cultural studies M.A. syllabus, is meant to present and explore the historical and theoretical foundations of cultural studies, from the inception of the movement in Britain at the turn of the 1960s to (around the University of Birmingham) to their development and their dissemination in the whole English-speaking world in the following decades. The seminar will start with a presentation of the general theoretical and practical preoccupations of the main founders of cultural studies in the broader context of the contestation of the dominant paradigm of elitist and highbrow notions of literature and culture. Figures such as Raymond Williams, Stuart Hall, E. P. Thompson and others will be studied through their key texts and interventions. Then their legacy and influence in the United States and the Caribbean will be examined as well as the concurrent redefinition and diversification of analytical paradigms (gender studies, postcolonial studies, queer studies, etc.).


American Cultural Studies and Beyond :
What is a text? Which factors influence the reception of a work? Who is the real author? What previous strata is a text the echo of?
When we receive a text, we readers have been conditioned by our previous reading, the language we use or read carries the traces of former users, no simile is virgin of connotations or significant sources. Some writers, especially postmodern writers, multiply references, influences, and their work can be read as the palimpsest of former texts which are embedded in their own. The « writing back » to the Empire by postcolonial writers is an example of such revisiting, namely a sometimes subversive reappropriation of models. Some women writers decided to go further and to deliberately rebel against the domination of the patriarchate which set the norms, elected the models, by « re-visioning » texts, a political action aimed at finding a new liberating language, for women can thus « begin to see and name – and therefore live – afresh » according to Adrienne Rich, for whom this is a reawakening.
The very notion of a hierachy of values in art was debated by Susan Sontag with her essay « Notes on Camp » (1964), which promoted « lowbrow » art.
This introduction to Cultural Studies in the United States will try and explore the way they came into being, and who and what circumstances shaped them, in a country which had known the curse of colonization and of slavery, where women had been instrumental in the civil rights movement, a puritan country steeped in the language of the Bible, which had erected European models as the undebatable norm, and was bound to move towards a revolution, and a liberation, a crossing of influences, and a reflection on those. We shall read some major writers of theory, but also see some applications in fiction.
Specific focus will be paid to:
1) The place of culture in defining a U.S. national identity, notably the historical tension between “Anglo-conformity”, assimilation into the so-called “Melting Pot” and the reality of cultural pluralism in the U.S.
2) Culture and anthropology: pluralism, decentering and relativism. (from Franz Boas to James Clifford with a focus on Clifford)
3) Culture and race relations: from cultural nationalism to cultural hybridity (with a focus on Blacks and Chicanos)

Informations complémentaires

Dispensé en anglais, le cours sera évalué de façon différenciée selon les publics. Les étudiants du master recherche d’études anglophones et MEEF anglais seront évalués en langue anglaise, les étudiants des autres masters seront évalués en français.

Bibliographie

ANZALDUA, Gloria, Borderland / La frontera. The New Mestiza, Aunt Lute Books, 1999 (1987).
ASHCROFT Bill, Gareth GRIFFITHS, Helen TIFFIN. The Empire Writes Back, Theory and Practice in post-colonial literatures, London and New York: Routledge, 1989.
BAKER, Houston, Long Black Song, University of Virginia Press, 1990.
BAKER, Houston, Blues, Ideology and Afro American Literature, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1987.
BHABHA, Homi K., The Location of Culture, London and New York, Routledge, 1994.
BOAS, Franz, Anthropology and Modern Life, Dover Publications, 1987.
CERVULLE, Maxime, et Nelly Quemener, Cultural studies : Théories et méthodes, Paris, Armand Colin, 2015.
CLIFFORD, James, The Predicament of Culture, Harvard University Press, 1988.
CURRAN, James, David MORLEY and Valerie WALKERDINE, eds., Cultural Studies and Communications, London, Hodder Education, 1995.
DURING, Simon, ed., The Cultural Studies Reader, London and New York, Routledge, 2007.
GATES, Jr., Henry Louis, ed. "Race," Writing, and Difference. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1985; 1986. NY: Vintage, 1992
GILROY, Paul, There Ain’t No Black in the Union Jack, London, Routledge, 2002 (1987).
HALL, Stuart, & Tony JEFFERSON, Resistance Through Rituals : Youth Culture in Postwar Britain, London, Hutchinson, 1976.
HALL, Stuart, ed., Representation. Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices, New York, SAGE, 1997.
HURSTON, Zora Neale, Of Mules and Men, Harper Perennial Modern Classics. 2008
HIGGINS, John, ed., The Raymond Williams Reader, Wiley-Blackwell, 2001.
HOGGART, Richard, The Uses of Literacy, New Brunswick and London, Transaction Publishers, 2006 (1957).
MORLEY, David, Television, Audiences and Cultural Studies, London, Routledge, 1992.
MORLEY, David, and Kevin ROBINS, Spaces of Identity. Global Media, Electronic Landscapes and Cultural Boundaries, London, Routledge, 2002.
MORLEY, David, and Kevin ROBINS, British Cultural Studies : Geography, Nationality, and Identity, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2001.
MUIR, John, A Thousand-Mile Walk to the Gulf, Mariner Books, 1998 (1916).
RICH, Adrienne, « When We Dead Awaken: Writing as Re-Vision », National Council of Teachers of English, College English, Vol. 34, No. 1, Women, Writing and Teaching (Oct., 1972), pp. 18-30,
———, On Lies, Secrets and Silence: Selected Pose, 1966-1978, WW. Norton & Company, 1979
———, Of Woman Born: Motherhood as Experience and Institution. New York: Norton & Company, 1995
SONTAG, Susan, Against Interpretation, 1966, includes « Notes on Camp », 1964
THOMPSON , E. P., Whigs and Hunters. The Origin of the Black Act, London, Breviary Stuff Publications, 2013 (1975).
THOMPSON , E. P., Customs in Common. Studies in Traditional Popular Culture, London, The New Press, 1994 (1991).
WILLIAMS, Raymond, Culture and Society 1780-1950, New York, Columbia University Press, 1958.
WILLIAMS, Raymond, Keywords : a Vocabulary of Culture and Society, London, Fourth Estate, 1988 (1976).
WILLIAMS, Raymond, Culture and Materialism, London, Verso, 2006 (1980).

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