Humour et expressions faciales. Quelques bonnes raisons pour faire la grimace - Université Bordeaux Montaigne

Recherche - Manifestations scientifiques

Humour et expressions faciales. Quelques bonnes raisons pour faire la grimace

Dans le cadre du séminaire conjoint "Linguistique à Bordeaux" (LàB) réunissant l'équipe d'accueil CLIMAS et CLLE ERSSAB, nous aurons le plaisir d'accueillir Sabina TABACARU, docteure des Universités Charles de Gaulle (Lille) et KU Leuven (Belgique).

Ses recherches portent sur la sémiologie et la pragmatique des expressions faciales en contexte humoristique, dans un genre spécifique : celui des comédies télévisuelles anglo-américaines. Son intervention, en anglais (cf. résumé ci-après), ouvrira sur une discussion bilingue (anglais, français).

Jeudi 11 février 2016 à 15h30, salle Jean Borde de la MSHA

Résumé
The growing interest in humor within the field of Cognitive Linguistics these past few years (Brône and Feyaerts 2003; Veale et al. 2006; Brône 2008) has led to the conclusion that humor exploits inferences through linguistic imagery and is highly creative. Following Yus (2003: 1299), we assume that humor uses discourse markers that allow the audience to see that what is being said should not be taken seriously.
In this study, based on a large corpus of examples extracted from two American television series (House M.D. and The Big Bang Theory), we add a yet unexplored multimodal perspective — that of facial expressions accompanying humorous utterances in different humor types. More specifically, we present a qualitative and quantitative analysis of facial expressions (raised eyebrows and frowning) used in interactional humor, arguing that they play a role in switching the context to a humorous interpretation.
These gestures come as ‘helpers’ toward the intended interpretation, but this does not work both ways, i.e., when people raise their eyebrows or frown, it does not necessarily mean that they are using humor. The fact that these gestures co-occur with certain words or larger parts of a speaker’s utterance means they may be used on the central part of a humorous message, where the hearers are alerted to change to a pretense, non-serious space (Clark, 1996). From a grammatical perspective, these gestures may also be regarded as “overt physical manifestations” of modal stances, aspectual contrasts, deixis, causality, and concession (Lapaire 2011: 92).

Contacts
Jean-rémi Lapaire (jean-remi.lapaire @ u-bordeaux-montaigne.fr) et Frédéric Lambert (frederic.lambert @ u-bordeaux-montaigne.fr)

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