Le 14 avril 2016
Mustafa SAYAR, professeur à l'Université d'Istanbul - Turquie
The colonisation of Propontic coastline began ca. 700 B. C. The Propontic littoral was settled mainly by Megara and by two Ionian poleis; Miletos and Samos.
Megara and Miletus have founded their apoikiai on the coasts of Propontis before Samos did. In addition to the Megarian northern coast of Propontis are recorded four apoikiai of Samos - exept three Megarian colonies of Selymbria, Byzantion and Khalkedon along the northern coast of Prpontis are recorded four apoikiai of Samos: the two poleis named Bisanthe and Perinthos as well as two dependent settlements named Heraian Teichos and Tyrodiza. The trade interests of the apoikiai of Megara and Samos on the northern shore of Propontis were te result of military conflicts.
The southern coastline of Propontis, i. e. of Mysid and Bithynia, was colonized mainly by Miletus: Artake, Parion (a common foundation of Miletus, Erythrai and Paros), Primps (probably a foundation of Miletos, it could be a foundation of Kyzikos), Prokonnesos, Kyzikos, Miletopolis/Miletoteiche, Apollonia pros to Rhyndacõ and Kios....